Gang He

Gang He

Asst Professor

Marxe School of Public and International Affairs

Department: Public Affairs

Areas of expertise: Climate change, Energy and climate policy, Energy systems, Energy transition

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Gang He’s research focuses on energy systems, energy and climate policy, and energy transition. His work advances data-driven, evidence-based energy and climate policy research and offers policy insights into energy decisions and climate actions to achieve carbon neutrality.

His leading and collaborative work has appeared in high-impact interdisciplinary and field journals such as Nature, Nature Communications, Nature Energy, Nature WaterOne EarthEnvironmental Science & Technology, and Energy Policy. His research has been reported by NatureScientific AmericanCarbon BriefNational GeographicE&E News, among others.

His work has informed policy processes. He testified for the New York State Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act and has advised the New York State Climate Action Council’s Scoping Plan. He has also been involved in the U.S.-China collaboration on energy and climate change.

He received his Ph.D. in Energy and Resources from University of California, Berkeley. He also holds an M.A. in Climate and Society from Columbia University, and a B.S. and M.S. in Geography from Peking University.

Links: Personal Website, Google Scholar


Ph.D., Energy and Resources, University of California, Berkeley

M.A., Climate and Society, Columbia University

M.S., Geography, Peking University

B.Sc., Geography, Peking University

SemesterCourse PrefixCourse NumberCourse Name
Fall 2023PAF9199Selected Topics In PAF
Fall 2023PAF4199Selected Topics

Journal Articles

Peng, L., Guo, Y., Liu, S., He, G., & Mauzerall, D. L. (2024). Subsidizing Grid-Based Electrolytic Hydrogen Will Increase Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Coal Dominated Power Systems. Environmental Science & Technology, 58(12). 5187–5195.

Qin, Y., Wang, Y., Li, S., Deng, H., Wanders, N., Bosmans, J., Huang, L., Hong, C., Byers, E., Gingerich, D., Bielicki, J. M., & He, G. (2023). Global assessment of the carbon–water tradeoff of dry cooling for thermal power generation. Nature Water, 1(8). 682-693.

Liu, L., He, G., Wu, M., Liu, G., Zhang, H., Chen, Y., Shen, J., & Li, S. (2023). Climate change impacts on planned supply-demand match in global wind and solar energy systems. Nature Energy, 8(8). 870-880.

Chen, S., Lu, X., Nielsen, C. P., McElroy, M. B., He, G., Zhang, S., He, K., Yang, X., Zhang, F., & Hao, J. (2023). Deploying solar photovoltaic energy first in carbon-intensive regions brings gigatons more carbon mitigations to 2060. Communications Earth & Environment, 4(1). 369.

Peng, L., Mauzerall, D. L., Zhong, Y. D., & He, G. (2023). Heterogeneous effects of battery storage deployment strategies on decarbonization of provincial power systems in China. Nature Communications, 14(1). 4858.

Liu, Z., Deng, Z., He, G., Wang, H., Zhang, X., Lin, J., Qi, Y., & Liang, X. (2022). Challenges and opportunities for carbon neutrality in China. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 3(2). 141-155.

Helveston, J. P., He, G., & Davidson, M. R. (2022). Quantifying the cost savings of global solar photovoltaic supply chains. Nature, 612(7938). 83-87.

Zhang, C., He, G., Johnston, J., & Zhong, L. (2021). Long-term transition of China's power sector under carbon neutrality target and water withdrawal constraint. Journal of Cleaner Production, 329. 129765.

Lee, M., & He, G. (2021). An empirical analysis of applications of artificial intelligence algorithms in wind power technology innovation during 1980-2017. Journal of Cleaner Production, 297. 126536.

He, G., Lin, J., Sifuentes, F., Liu, X., Abhyankar, N., & Phadke, A. (2020). Rapid cost decrease of renewables and storage accelerates the decarbonization of China's power system. Nature Communications, 11(1). 2486.

He, G., Lin, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, W., Larangeira, G., Zhang, C., Peng, W., Liu, M., & Yang, F. (2020). Enabling a Rapid and Just Transition away from Coal in China. One Earth, 3(2). 187-194.

Lin, J., Liu, X., & He, G. (2020). Regional electricity demand and economic transition in China. Utilities Policy, 64. 101047.

Qin, C., Yan, Q., & He, G. (2019). Integrated energy systems planning with electricity, heat and gas using particle swarm optimization. Energy, 188. 116044.

Bai, H., Feng, X., Hou, H., He, G., Dong, Y., & Xu, H. (2018). Mapping inter-industrial CO2 flows within China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 93. 400-408.

He, G., & Victor, D. G. (2017). Experiences and lessons from China's success in providing electricity for all. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 122. 335-338.

He, G., Zhang, H., Xu, Y., & Lu, X. (Eds.). (2017). Editorial: Clean power transition in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 117. 262-263.

He, G., Avrin, A., Nelson, J. H., Johnston, J., Mileva, A., Tian, J., & Kammen, D. M. (2016). SWITCH-China: A Systems Approach to Decarbonizing China's Power System. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(11). 5467-5473.

He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2016). Where, when and how much solar is available? A provincial-scale solar resource assessment for China. Renewable Energy, 85. 74-82.

Avrin, A., He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2015). Assessing the impacts of nuclear desalination and geoengineering to address China's water shortages. Desalination, 360. 1-7.

Zhou, N., He, G., Williams, C., & Fridley, D. (2015). ELITE cities: A low-carbon eco-city evaluation tool for China. Ecological Indicators, 48. 448-456.

He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2014). Where, when and how much wind is available? A provincial-scale wind resource assessment for China. Energy Policy, 74. 116-122.

He, G., & Morse, R. (2013). Addressing carbon Offsetters' Paradox: Lessons from Chinese wind CDM. Energy Policy, 63. 1051-1055.

Book Chapters

Ohshita, S., Zhou, N., Price, L., Fridley, D., Khanna, N., Hong, L., Lu, H., Fino-Chen, C., & He, G. (2015). Low Carbon Development for Cities: Methods and Measures. (p. 1–23). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

He, G. (2014). Engaging Emerging Countries: Implications of China's Major Shifts in Climate Policy. Governments’ Responses to Climate Change: Selected Examples From Asia Pacific (pp. 11-24). Springer Singapore.

He, G., & Morse, R. (2013). China's Coal Import Behavior and Its Impacts to Global Energy Market. Globalization, Development and Security in Asia (pp. 69-85). World Scientific.


He, G. (2024, March 27). Role of Global Clean Energy Supply Chain in Achieving Climate Goals. Seminar on China's Environment and Development. : Peking University.

He, G. (2024, March 22). Climate change impacts on planned supply–demand match in global wind and solar energy systems. Third Annual Faculty Cross-College Faculty Research Symposium. Baruch College

He, G. (2024, February 22). Enabling a Just, Resilient, and Sustainable Clean Energy Supply Chain to Achieve Climate Goals. Second Annual Conference on Climate Research, Teaching, and Collaboration. Baruch College

He, G. (2023, April 12). U.S. China Energy Transition. MIT Energy Conference 2023. Boston

He, G. (2023, November 13). SWITCH-China: Modeling the Transition of the World's Largest Power Sector. Openmod meets USA 2023. Stanford University

He, G. (2022, December 1). Quantifying the cost savings of global solar photovoltaic supply chains. IAMC Annual Meeting 2022. : Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium.

He, G. (2022, February 17). Clean power transition in a low-cost renewable era. Guest Lecture. : Dartmouth College.

He, G. (2022, March 14). Achieving power sector carbon neutrality in a low-cost renewable era. Research Seminar. Harvard University: Harvard Kennedy School Growth Lab.

He, G. (2022, November 10). Quantifying the cost savings of global solar photovoltaic supply chains. 2022 International Outstanding Young Scholars Environment Forum. Beijing: Tsinghua University.

He, G. (2022, October 6). Achieving Power Sector Carbon Neutrality in a Low-cost Renewable Era. 2022 INFORMS Annual Meeting. : INFORMS.

He, G. (2021, November 30). Long-Term Transition of China’s Power Sector under Carbon Neutrality Target and Water Withdrawal Constraint. IAMC Annual Meeting 2021. : Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium.

He, G. (2020, September 16). Accelerating renewable development in China. APERC Annual Conference 2020. : Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.

He, G. (2020, December 1). Accelerating renewable energy development in China. IAMC Annual Meeting 2020. : Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium.

He, G. (2019, April 19). Modeling the drivers of clean energy transition. Department of Engineering and Public Policy Seminar. : Carnegie Mellon University.

He, G. (2019, August 13). Rapid decline of renewable and storage costs offers earlier opportunity to decarbonize China's power system. International Conference on Applied Energy 2019. : Applied Energy Journal.

He, G. (2018, October 20). China Power System Modeling Workshop: Enabling Transformation. International Forum on Energy Transitions 2018. : Clean Energy Ministerial, IRENA, NREL, CNREC, and SGERI.

He, G. (2017, June 19). Electricity Access Revisited: Asian and International Experience. 40th Annual IAEE International Conference. Singapore: International Association of Energy Economy.

He, G. (2017, June 27). Electrification in developing countries. EIA 2017 Annual Energy Conference. Washington, DC: Energy Information Administration.

He, G. (2017, December 5). The Energy, Air Pollution, and Water Nexus Challenges in Clean Power Transition. The 3rd Sino-U.S. Energy and Environment Forum.

He, G. (2015, January 15). Decarbonizing China's Power Sector: Potential, Prospects, and Policy - the SWITCH-China model. International Electricity Modeling Workshop. : U.S. Energy Information Administration.

He, G. (2015, August 7). Decarbonizing China’s Power Sector: Potential, Prospects, and Policy. Energy Technology Area Seminar. : Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

TitleFunding Agency SponsorStart DateEnd DateAwarded DateTotal FundingStatus
Multi-Country Electricity Transition Potential and Challenges Project (MCET)Enviornmental Defense Fund09/15/202309/30/202309/20/202340000Funded - In Progress
The carbon mitigation, air quality, and human health benefits achieved by global solar PV supply chains ClimateWorks Foundation07/01/202306/30/202405/15/2023100000Funded - In Progress
Honor / AwardOrganization SponsorDate ReceivedDescription
Baruch College Faculty Research AwardBaruch College Office of the Provost2024-03
Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (IAMC) Best Poster AwardIntegrated Assessment Modeling Consortium2022-12
ITIF Energy Innovation Policy and Management ScholarInformation Technology and Innovation Foundation2019-05
Institute for New Economic Thinking Young ScholarInstitute for New Economic Thinking2013-05
Aspen Environment Forum ScholarAspen Institute2011-06
Cynthia Helms FellowWorld Resources Institute2008-06
Asia 21 Young LeadersAsia Society2007-11
Youth Delegate to UNFCCC CoP11/MoP1Environment Jeunesse2005-11


Committee NamePosition RoleStart DateEnd Date
Planning Committee for National Transfer Student WeekCommittee Member10/20/2023


Committee NamePosition RoleStart DateEnd Date
Planning Committee of CUNY Climate Change ConsortiumCommittee Member9/18/2023Present


OrganizationPosition RoleOrganization StateOrganization CountryStart DateEnd DateAudience
Resources, Conservation, and RecyclingEditor, Journal Editor9/1/2018PresentInternational
Nature; Science; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; Nature Climate Change; Nature Sustainability; Nature Communications; Science Bulletin; Energy Policy; Environmental Science & Technology; Climate Policy; Applied Energy; Energy Research & Social Science; Resources, Conservation and Recycling; Energy Efficiency; Energy Economics; Journal of Cleaner Production; Energy Conversion and Management, among othersReviewer, Journal Article9/1/2015PresentInternational
REN21, International Energy Agency, Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, Maryland University Global Policy Center, Energy Innovation LLC, California-China Climate InstituteReviewer, Ad Hoc Reviewer9/1/2015PresentInternational
Energy, Ecology and EnvironmentEditor, Associate Editor1/1/2022PresentInternational
Resources, Conservation, and Recycling Best Paper Award CommitteeCommittee Member1/1/2018PresentInternational
Sloan Foundation; National Science FoundationReviewer, Grant Proposal1/1/2021PresentInternational


OrganizationPosition RoleOrganization StateOrganization CountryStart DateEnd DateAudience
China-US High-Level Dialogue on Climate and Energy Power Sector Decarbonization Working GroupTask Force Member1/1/2024PresentInternational
New York State Climate Action Council Scoping Plan Technical Advisor GroupTask Force MemberNew York1/1/202112/31/2022State
National Offshore Wind R&D Consortium’s R&D Advisory GroupMember1/1/201912/31/2021National
Testimony for New York State Senate Hearings On The Climate Leadership And Community Protection ActMemberNew York2/14/20192/14/2019State
Center for Science Teaching & Learning Clean Tech Competition 2017, 2018Committee Member1/1/201712/31/2018International