Gang He

Gang He

Asst Professor

Marxe School of Public and International Affairs

Department: Public Affairs

Areas of expertise: Climate change, Energy and climate policy, Energy systems, Energy transition

Email Address:

Dr. Gang He’s work focuses on energy systems, energy and climate policy, and energy transition. His research advances data-driven, evidence-based energy and climate policy research and offers policy insights for energy decisions and climate actions to achieve carbon neutrality.

Dr. He's work has been published in high-impact interdisciplinary and field journals such as Nature, Nature Communications, Nature Energy, Nature WaterOne EarthEnvironmental Science & TechnologyEnergy Policy. His research has been reported by NatureScientific AmericanCarbon BriefNational GeographicNew York TimesE&E News, among others.

Dr. He’s work has direct policy impact. He has testified for the New York State Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act before it became law and has advised New York State Climate Action Council’s Scoping Plan. He has also been involved in the U.S.-China collaboration on energy and climate change.

Dr. He has worked for the Department of Technology and Society at Stony Brook University and the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford University. He received his Ph.D. in Energy and Resources from University of California, Berkeley. He also holds an M.A. in Climate and Society from Columbia University, and a B.S. and M.S. in Geography from Peking University.


Ph.D., Energy and Resources, University of California, Berkeley

M.A., Climate and Society, Columbia University

M.S., Geography, Peking University

B.Sc., Geography, Peking University

Journal Articles

Liu, L., He, G., Wu, M., Liu, G., Zhang, H., Chen, Y., Shen, J., & Li, S. (2023). Climate change impacts on planned supply-demand match in global wind and solar energy systems. Nature Energy, 8(8). 870-880.

Peng, L., Mauzerall, D. L., Zhong, Y. D., & He, G. (2023). Heterogeneous effects of battery storage deployment strategies on decarbonization of provincial power systems in China. Nature Communications, 14(1). 4858.

Helveston, J. P., He, G., & Davidson, M. R. (2022). Quantifying the cost savings of global solar photovoltaic supply chains. Nature, 612(7938). 83-87.

Liu, L., Wang, Y., Wang, Z., Li, S., Li, J., He, G., Li, Y., Liu, Y., Piao, S., Gao, Z., Chang, R., Tang, W., Jiang, K., Wang, S., Wang, J., Zhao, L., & Chao, Q. (2022). Potential contributions of wind and solar power to China's carbon neutrality. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 180. 106155.

Liu, Z., Deng, Z., He, G., Wang, H., Zhang, X., Lin, J., Qi, Y., & Liang, X. (2022). Challenges and opportunities for carbon neutrality in China. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 3(2). 141-155.

Li, B., Chen, M., Ma, Z., He, G., Dai, W., Liu, D., Zhang, C., & Zhong, H. (2022). Modeling Integrated Power and Transportation Systems: Impacts of Power-to-Gas on the Deep Decarbonization. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 58(2). 2677-2693.

Lin, J., Abhyankar, N., He, G., Liu, X., & Yin, S. (2022). Large balancing areas and dispersed renewable investment enhance grid flexibility in a renewable-dominant power system in China. iScience, 25(2). 103749.

Lee, M., & He, G. (2021). An empirical analysis of applications of artificial intelligence algorithms in wind power technology innovation during 1980-2017. Journal of Cleaner Production, 297. 126536.

Li, B., Ma, Z., Hidalgo-Gonzalez, P., Lathem, A., Fedorova, N., He, G., Zhong, H., Chen, M., & Kammen, D. M. (2021). Modeling the impact of EVs in the Chinese power system: Pathways for implementing emissions reduction commitments in the power and transportation sectors. Energy Policy, 149. 111962.

Li, H., Cui, X., Hui, J., He, G., Weng, Y., Nie, Y., Wang, C., & Cai, W. (2021). Catchment-level water stress risk of coal power transition in China under 2/1.5 degree C targets. Applied Energy, 294. 116986.

Zhang, C., He, G., Johnston, J., & Zhong, L. (2021). Long-term transition of China's power sector under carbon neutrality target and water withdrawal constraint. Journal of Cleaner Production, 329. 129765.

Zhang, C., He, G., Zhang, Q., Liang, S., Zipper, S. C., Guo, R., Zhao, X., Zhong, L., & Wang, J. (2020). The evolution of virtual water flows in China's electricity transmission network and its driving forces. Journal of Cleaner Production, 242. 118336.

He, G., Lin, J., Sifuentes, F., Liu, X., Abhyankar, N., & Phadke, A. (2020). Rapid cost decrease of renewables and storage accelerates the decarbonization of China's power system. Nature Communications, 11(1). 2486.

Lin, J., Liu, X., & He, G. (2020). Regional electricity demand and economic transition in China. Utilities Policy, 64. 101047.

He, G., Lin, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, W., Larangeira, G., Zhang, C., Peng, W., Liu, M., & Yang, F. (2020). Enabling a Rapid and Just Transition away from Coal in China. One Earth, 3(2). 187-194.

Qin, C., Yan, Q., & He, G. (2019). Integrated energy systems planning with electricity, heat and gas using particle swarm optimization. Energy, 188. 116044.

Bai, H., Feng, X., Hou, H., He, G., Dong, Y., & Xu, H. (2018). Mapping inter-industrial CO2 flows within China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 93. 400-408.

He, G., & Victor, D. G. (2017). Experiences and lessons from China's success in providing electricity for all. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 122. 335-338.

He, G., Zhang, H., Xu, Y., & Lu, X. (Eds.). (2017). Editorial: Clean power transition in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 117. 262-263.

Hu, J., Huang, L., Chen, M., He, G., & Zhang, H. (2017). Impacts of power generation on air quality in China-Part II: Future scenarios. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 121. 115-127.

He, G., Avrin, A., Nelson, J. H., Johnston, J., Mileva, A., Tian, J., & Kammen, D. M. (2016). SWITCH-China: A Systems Approach to Decarbonizing China's Power System. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(11). 5467-5473.

He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2016). Where, when and how much solar is available? A provincial-scale solar resource assessment for China. Renewable Energy, 85. 74-82.

Zhou, N., He, G., Williams, C., & Fridley, D. (2015). ELITE cities: A low-carbon eco-city evaluation tool for China. Ecological Indicators, 48. 448-456.

Avrin, A., He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2015). Assessing the impacts of nuclear desalination and geoengineering to address China's water shortages. Desalination, 360. 1-7.

He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2014). Where, when and how much wind is available? A provincial-scale wind resource assessment for China. Energy Policy, 74. 116-122.

He, G., & Morse, R. (2013). Addressing carbon Offsetters' Paradox: Lessons from Chinese wind CDM. Energy Policy, 63. 1051-1055.

Book Chapters

Ohshita, S., Zhou, N., Price, L., Fridley, D., Khanna, N., Hong, L., Lu, H., Fino-Chen, C., & He, G. (2015). Low Carbon Development for Cities: Methods and Measures. (p. 1–23). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

He, G. (2014). Engaging Emerging Countries: Implications of China's Major Shifts in Climate Policy. Governments’ Responses to Climate Change: Selected Examples From Asia Pacific (pp. 11-24). Springer Singapore.

He, G., & Morse, R. (2013). China's Coal Import Behavior and Its Impacts to Global Energy Market. Globalization, Development and Security in Asia (pp. 69-85). World Scientific.

Conference Proceedings

Lee, M., & He, G. (2017). Why is Korea Lagging behind in Electric Vehicle Technology Innovation? Analysis of Korea's Electric Vehicle Technology Innovation Policy Through the Lens of Systems of Innovation Approach.

Honor / AwardOrganization SponsorDate ReceivedDescription
Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (IAMC) Best Poster AwardIntegrated Assessment Modeling Consortium2022-12
ITIF Energy Innovation Policy and Management ScholarInformation Technology and Innovation Foundation2019-05
Institute for New Economic Thinking Young ScholarInstitute for New Economic Thinking2013-05
Aspen Environment Forum ScholarAspen Institute2011-06
Cynthia Helms FellowWorld Resources Institute2008-06
Asia 21 Young LeadersAsia Society2007-11
Youth Delegate to UNFCCC CoP11/MoP1Environment Jeunesse2005-11