Gang He

Gang He

Asst Professor

Marxe School of Public and International Affairs

Department: Public Affairs

Areas of expertise: Climate change, Energy and climate policy, Energy systems, Energy transition

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Gang He’s work focuses on energy systems, energy and climate policy, and energy transition. His research advances data-driven, evidence-based energy and climate policy research and offers policy insights for energy decisions and climate actions to achieve carbon neutrality.

His leading and collaborative work has appeared in high-impact interdisciplinary and field journals such as Nature, Nature Communications, Nature Energy, Nature WaterOne EarthEnvironmental Science & TechnologyEnergy Policy. His research has been reported by NatureScientific AmericanCarbon BriefNational GeographicNew York TimesE&E News, among others.

His work has direct policy impacts. He testified for the New York State Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act before it became law and has advised the New York State Climate Action Council’s Scoping Plan. He has also been involved in the U.S.-China collaboration on energy and climate change.

He received his Ph.D. in Energy and Resources from University of California, Berkeley. He also holds an M.A. in Climate and Society from Columbia University, and a B.S. and M.S. in Geography from Peking University.

Links: Personal Website, Google Scholar


Ph.D., Energy and Resources, University of California, Berkeley

M.A., Climate and Society, Columbia University

M.S., Geography, Peking University

B.Sc., Geography, Peking University

SemesterCourse PrefixCourse NumberCourse Name
Fall 2023PAF9199Selected Topics In PAF
Fall 2023PAF4199Selected Topics

Journal Articles

Qin, Y., Wang, Y., Li, S., Deng, H., Wanders, N., Bosmans, J., Huang, L., Hong, C., Byers, E., Gingerich, D., Bielicki, J. M., & He, G. (2023). Global assessment of the carbon–water tradeoff of dry cooling for thermal power generation. Nature Water, 1(8). 682-693.

Chen, S., Lu, X., Nielsen, C. P., McElroy, M. B., He, G., Zhang, S., He, K., Yang, X., Zhang, F., & Hao, J. (2023). Deploying solar photovoltaic energy first in carbon-intensive regions brings gigatons more carbon mitigations to 2060. Communications Earth & Environment, 4(1). 369.

Peng, L., Mauzerall, D. L., Zhong, Y. D., & He, G. (2023). Heterogeneous effects of battery storage deployment strategies on decarbonization of provincial power systems in China. Nature Communications, 14(1). 4858.

Liu, L., He, G., Wu, M., Liu, G., Zhang, H., Chen, Y., Shen, J., & Li, S. (2023). Climate change impacts on planned supply-demand match in global wind and solar energy systems. Nature Energy, 8(8). 870-880.

Li, B., Chen, M., Ma, Z., He, G., Dai, W., Liu, D., Zhang, C., & Zhong, H. (2022). Modeling Integrated Power and Transportation Systems: Impacts of Power-to-Gas on the Deep Decarbonization. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 58(2). 2677-2693.

Liu, Z., Deng, Z., He, G., Wang, H., Zhang, X., Lin, J., Qi, Y., & Liang, X. (2022). Challenges and opportunities for carbon neutrality in China. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 3(2). 141-155.

Liu, L., Wang, Y., Wang, Z., Li, S., Li, J., He, G., Li, Y., Liu, Y., Piao, S., Gao, Z., Chang, R., Tang, W., Jiang, K., Wang, S., Wang, J., Zhao, L., & Chao, Q. (2022). Potential contributions of wind and solar power to China's carbon neutrality. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 180. 106155.

Helveston, J. P., He, G., & Davidson, M. R. (2022). Quantifying the cost savings of global solar photovoltaic supply chains. Nature, 612(7938). 83-87.

Lin, J., Abhyankar, N., He, G., Liu, X., & Yin, S. (2022). Large balancing areas and dispersed renewable investment enhance grid flexibility in a renewable-dominant power system in China. iScience, 25(2). 103749.

Li, B., Ma, Z., Hidalgo-Gonzalez, P., Lathem, A., Fedorova, N., He, G., Zhong, H., Chen, M., & Kammen, D. M. (2021). Modeling the impact of EVs in the Chinese power system: Pathways for implementing emissions reduction commitments in the power and transportation sectors. Energy Policy, 149. 111962.

Li, H., Cui, X., Hui, J., He, G., Weng, Y., Nie, Y., Wang, C., & Cai, W. (2021). Catchment-level water stress risk of coal power transition in China under 2/1.5 degree C targets. Applied Energy, 294. 116986.

Zhang, C., He, G., Johnston, J., & Zhong, L. (2021). Long-term transition of China's power sector under carbon neutrality target and water withdrawal constraint. Journal of Cleaner Production, 329. 129765.

Lee, M., & He, G. (2021). An empirical analysis of applications of artificial intelligence algorithms in wind power technology innovation during 1980-2017. Journal of Cleaner Production, 297. 126536.

He, G., Lin, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, W., Larangeira, G., Zhang, C., Peng, W., Liu, M., & Yang, F. (2020). Enabling a Rapid and Just Transition away from Coal in China. One Earth, 3(2). 187-194.

He, G., Lin, J., Sifuentes, F., Liu, X., Abhyankar, N., & Phadke, A. (2020). Rapid cost decrease of renewables and storage accelerates the decarbonization of China's power system. Nature Communications, 11(1). 2486.

Zhang, C., He, G., Zhang, Q., Liang, S., Zipper, S. C., Guo, R., Zhao, X., Zhong, L., & Wang, J. (2020). The evolution of virtual water flows in China's electricity transmission network and its driving forces. Journal of Cleaner Production, 242. 118336.

Lin, J., Liu, X., & He, G. (2020). Regional electricity demand and economic transition in China. Utilities Policy, 64. 101047.

Qin, C., Yan, Q., & He, G. (2019). Integrated energy systems planning with electricity, heat and gas using particle swarm optimization. Energy, 188. 116044.

Bai, H., Feng, X., Hou, H., He, G., Dong, Y., & Xu, H. (2018). Mapping inter-industrial CO2 flows within China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 93. 400-408.

He, G., Zhang, H., Xu, Y., & Lu, X. (Eds.). (2017). Editorial: Clean power transition in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 117. 262-263.

Hu, J., Huang, L., Chen, M., He, G., & Zhang, H. (2017). Impacts of power generation on air quality in China-Part II: Future scenarios. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 121. 115-127.

He, G., & Victor, D. G. (2017). Experiences and lessons from China's success in providing electricity for all. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 122. 335-338.

He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2016). Where, when and how much solar is available? A provincial-scale solar resource assessment for China. Renewable Energy, 85. 74-82.

He, G., Avrin, A., Nelson, J. H., Johnston, J., Mileva, A., Tian, J., & Kammen, D. M. (2016). SWITCH-China: A Systems Approach to Decarbonizing China's Power System. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(11). 5467-5473.

Avrin, A., He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2015). Assessing the impacts of nuclear desalination and geoengineering to address China's water shortages. Desalination, 360. 1-7.

Zhou, N., He, G., Williams, C., & Fridley, D. (2015). ELITE cities: A low-carbon eco-city evaluation tool for China. Ecological Indicators, 48. 448-456.

He, G., & Kammen, D. M. (2014). Where, when and how much wind is available? A provincial-scale wind resource assessment for China. Energy Policy, 74. 116-122.

He, G., & Morse, R. (2013). Addressing carbon Offsetters' Paradox: Lessons from Chinese wind CDM. Energy Policy, 63. 1051-1055.

Book Chapters

Ohshita, S., Zhou, N., Price, L., Fridley, D., Khanna, N., Hong, L., Lu, H., Fino-Chen, C., & He, G. (2015). Low Carbon Development for Cities: Methods and Measures. (p. 1–23). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

He, G. (2014). Engaging Emerging Countries: Implications of China's Major Shifts in Climate Policy. Governments’ Responses to Climate Change: Selected Examples From Asia Pacific (pp. 11-24). Springer Singapore.

He, G., & Morse, R. (2013). China's Coal Import Behavior and Its Impacts to Global Energy Market. Globalization, Development and Security in Asia (pp. 69-85). World Scientific.

TitleFunding Agency SponsorStart DateEnd DateAwarded DateTotal FundingStatus
Multi-Country Electricity Transition Potential and Challenges Project (MCET)Enviornmental Defense Fund09/15/202309/30/202309/20/202340000Funded - In Progress
The carbon mitigation, air quality, and human health benefits achieved by global solar PV supply chains ClimateWorks Foundation07/01/202306/30/202405/15/2023100000Funded - In Progress
Honor / AwardOrganization SponsorDate ReceivedDescription
Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (IAMC) Best Poster AwardIntegrated Assessment Modeling Consortium2022-12
ITIF Energy Innovation Policy and Management ScholarInformation Technology and Innovation Foundation2019-05
Institute for New Economic Thinking Young ScholarInstitute for New Economic Thinking2013-05
Aspen Environment Forum ScholarAspen Institute2011-06
Cynthia Helms FellowWorld Resources Institute2008-06
Asia 21 Young LeadersAsia Society2007-11
Youth Delegate to UNFCCC CoP11/MoP1Environment Jeunesse2005-11