Debbie Kaminer

Debbie Kaminer

Professor

Zicklin School of Business

Department: Law

Areas of expertise: Employment Discrimination, Vaccine Law, Religion and the Law, Business Law

Email Address: debbie.kaminer@baruch.cuny.edu

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Education

J.D., Law, Columbia University School of Law

B.A., Political Science, University of Pennsylvania

Journal Articles

Kaminer, D. N. (2020). Discrimination Against Employees Without COVID-19 Antibodies. New York Law Journal,

Kaminer, D. N. (2017). Second Circuit to Hear Case on Sexual Orientation Discrimination. New York Law Journal, 257(12).

Kaminer, D. N. (2014). EEOC v. Abercrombie and Title VII's Broad Definition of Religion. New York Law Journal, 252(88).

Kaminer, D. N. (2014). Mental Illness in the Workplace and the ADA Amendments Act. New York Law Journal, 252(59).

Kaminer, D. N. (2013). Using Mediation to Resolve Conflicts Involving Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. New York Law Journal, 23:27(August 2013).

Kaminer, D. N. (2012). Uniforms, Dress Codes and an Employee's Religious Observance. The New York State Bar Association Journal, 84(8).

Kaminer, D. N. (2012). Can Employers Ask Workers, Applicants for Social Media Login Information?. New York Law Journal ,

Kaminer, D. N. (2010). Recent Developments Involving Religious Accommodation in the Workplace Under 701(j) of Title VII. New York Law Journal, 243(104).

(2006). Workplace Discrimination by Member of Employee's Own Religion. New York Law Journal , 235(107).

(2005). Religious Accommodation, Employee's Obligation to Compromise. New York Law Journal , 233(83).

(2004). Religious Expression in the Workplace. New York Law Journal , 231(32).

(2001). Silence as Symbol: When Government Mandates "a Moment of Silence," Students Hear "a Moment of Prayer". Legal Times, 24(35). pp.59-61.

(2000). When Business and Employees' Religion Clash. New York Law Journal , 224(14). pp.1,6-7.

(1997). Thou Shalt Not Display the Ten Commandments in Court. Legal Times, p.27.

(1997). Second Circuit Chose Poor Precedent in Hsu. The National Law Journal , 19(21). p.A15.

(1995). Guidance is Lacking on Religious Accommodation. The National Law Journal , 18(11). p.C8.

Law Reviews

Kaminer, D. (2023). The Roberts Court, Groff v. DeJoy and Religious Minorities in the Workplace In Progress.

Kaminer, D. (2023). The Roberts Court and Religion: How the Supreme Court is Using Title VII to Diminish Workers' Rights (Jackson Lewis "Outstanding Employment Law Paper") In Progress.

Kaminer, D. (2023). Vaccines in the Time of Covid-19: Using Vaccine Mandates to Teach About the Legal and Ethical Regulation of Business (No.I). Journal of Legal Studies Education .

Kaminer, D. N., & Rosenberg, D. (2021). How the Conflict Between Anti-Boycott Legislation and the Expressive Rights of Business Endangers Civil Rights and Anti-Discrimination Laws University of Richmond Law Review.

Kaminer, D. (2020). Vaccines in the Time of COVID-19: How Government and Businesses Can Help Us Reach Herd Immunity, Wisconsin Law Review Forward Wisconsin Law Review Forward.

Kaminer, D. N. (2019). Sex: Sexual Orientation, Sex Stereotyping and Title VII UCLA Women's Law Journal .

Kaminer, D. N. (2018). The Meaning of "Sex": Using Title VII's Definition of Sex to Teach About the Legal Regulation of Business (No.1). JLSE.

Kaminer, D. N. (2017). Religion in the Workplace: The Consequences of the Supreme Court decision in EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Journal of Law Religion and State .

Kaminer, D. N. (2016). Debbie Kaminer, Mentally Ill Employees in the Workplace: Does the ADA Amendments Act Provide Adequate Protection? Health Matrix.

Kaminer, D. N. (2015). Religious Accommodation in the Workplace: Why Federal Courts Fail to Provide Meaningful Protection of Religious Employees (No.1). Texas Review of Law and Politics.

Kaminer, D. N. (2010). Religious Conduct and the Immutability Requirement: Title VII's Failure to Protect Religious Employees in the Workplace Virginia Journal of Social Policy and the Law (University of Virginia School of Law).

Kaminer, D. N. (2007). The Childcare Crisis and the Work-Family Conflict: Policy Rationale for Federal Legislation (No.2). Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law (Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley).

Kaminer, D. N. (2005). The Work-Family Conflict: Developing a Model of Parental Accommodation in the Workplace (No.2). American University Law Review .

Kaminer, D. N. (2002). Bringing Organized Prayer in Through the Back Door: How Moment-of-Silence Legislation for the Public Schools Violates the Establishment Clause (No.2). Stanford Law and Policy Review (Stanford Law School).

Kaminer, D. N. (2000). When Religious Expression Creates a Hostile Work Environment: The Challenge of Balancing Competing Fundamental Rights (No.1). New York University Journal of Legislation and Public Policy (NYU Law School).

Kaminer, D. N. (2000). Title VII's Failure to Provide Meaningful and Consistent Protection of Religious Employees in the Workplace: Proposals for an Amendment (No.2). Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law (Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley) .

Loeb, H., & Kaminer, D. N. (1996). God, Money and Schools: Voucher Programs Impugn the Separation of Church and State The John Marshall Law Review .

Media Contributions

Kaminer, D. (2023). The Supreme Court’s surprising overturn of a 47-year old precedent on religious accommodation, The Hill (republished MSN), (The Hill (republished in MSN)).

Kaminer, D. (2023). Co-workers could bear costs of accommodating religious employees in the workplace if Supreme Court tosses out 46-year-old precedent, The Conversation (republished in over 24 periodicals).

Kaminer, D. (2023). Co-workers could bear costs of accommodating religious employees in the workplace, as Supreme Court reinterprets 46-year-old precedent, The Conversation (republished in over 24 periodicals).

Kaminer, D. (2023). Religious Accommodation Ruling Raises More Workplace Questions, Bloomberg Law.

Kaminer, D. (2022). What Supreme Court's block of vaccine mandate for large businesses will mean for public health: 4 questions answered, The Conversation (republished in 24 periodicals).

Kaminer, D. N. (2021). Who’s covered by a vaccine mandate? Here’s a quick guide to America’s patchwork of Covid-19 shot requirements, The Conversation (reprinted in over 24 periodicals including Houston Chronicle).

Kaminer, D. N. (2021). There's no vaccine for hypocrisy: On Republicans' opposition to COVID-19 vax passports.

Kaminer, D. N. (2021). Can an employee object to mandatory COVID-19 vaccines on religious grounds? The Conversation (reprinted in 25 periodicals including Chicago Tribune and Houston Chronicle).

Kaminer, D. N. (2020). Mandatory COVID-19 vaccinations? Here’s what states and employers can legally require, The Conversation (reprinted in 25 periodicals inclduing Chicago Tribune and Houston Chronicle).

Kaminer, D. N. (2020). The Supreme Court and the meaning of 'sex': How justices' definition clashes with the Trump administration's.

Kaminer, D. N. (2020). Employers Should Mandate Flu Vaccines to Mitigate Pandemic, Bloomberg Law, (Bloomberg Law).

Kaminer, D. N. (2018). Teaching the Arab-Israeli Conflict Through a Critical Lens, The Jerusalem Post.

Kaminer, D. N. (2018). Will the Young People Win? Don't Let Gun Control Debate Become an Intergenerational Conflict, NJ Star-Ledger.

Kaminer, D. N. (2017). Liberals' Sorry Silence on Linda Sarsour, New York Daily News.

Kaminer, D. N. (2016). Jokes About Leaving the USA Aren't Funny, USA Today.

Presentations

Kaminer, D. (2024, January 22). Groff v. DeJoy: Title VII, Employment Accommodations, and Lessons for Broader Exemption Regimes. Association of American Law Schools (AALS) Annual Conference. Washington D.C.: Association of American Law Schools (AALS).

Kaminer, D. (2024, February 22). Title VII and Religious Accommodation: The Impact of Groff v. DeJoy on Religious Minorities. Law and Antisemitism Third Annual Conference. Miami Florida: FIU College of Law.

Kaminer, D. (2024, October 22). Law, Religion, and Business: The Fallout from a Recent Supreme Court Decision. Zicklin Talks Business Webinar Series. : Baruch College.

Kaminer, D. (2024, July 22). Law, Religion and Business: Exploring the Next Crossroads, panel chair. Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference. San Diego, California: Academy of Legal Studies in Business.

Kaminer, D. (2024, July 22). The Roberts Court and Religion: How the Supreme Court is Using Title VII to Diminish Workers’ Rights (Jackson Lewis "Outstanding Employment Law Paper" Finalist Presentation)  . Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference. San Diego, California: Academy of Legal Studies in Business.

Kaminer, D. (2024, March 22). Religious Minorities and Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. Law and AntiSemitism. Portland Oregon: Lewis and Clark Law School.

Kaminer, D. (2024, November 22). Navigating Controversial Employee Speech: Legal Rights and Best Practices for Employers. The Robert Zicklin Center for Corporate Integrity. New York NY: Baruch College.

Kaminer, D. (2024, February 22). Religious Accommodation, Undue Hardship and the Question of Colleagues. Business Ethics and the Future of Work. Online: American Business Law Journal, Temple University and University of Oklahoma.

Kaminer, D. Inclusive and Effective Teaching. Academy of Legal Studies in Business. Louisville Kentucky

Kaminer, D. Recent Legal Developments Involving Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. Academy of Legal Studies in Business. Louisville Kentucky

Kaminer, D. 2022 Charles M. Hewitt Master Teacher Competition Moderator. Academy of Legal Studies in Business. Louisville Kentucky

Kaminer, D. N. (2021, February 24). Legal and Ethical Considerations for the COVID-19 Vaccine. From Ethics to Logistics: What Ohio's Leaders Need to Know about COVID-19 Vaccines. : Health Policy Institute of Ohio.

Kaminer, D. N. (2021, August 31). Vaccines in the Time of Covid-19: Using Vaccine Mandates to teach About Business Law and Ethics. ALSB Master Teacher Symposium at ALSB Annual Conference. Online: Academy of Legal Studies Business Annual Conference.

Kaminer, D. N. (2021, August 31). Politics and the Constitutionality of Including Additional Protected Classes in Anti-Discrimination Laws. ALSB Annual Conference. Online: Academy of Legal Studies in Business.

Kaminer, D. N. (2021, September 15). The State of Vaccine Requirements. Invited Guest on NPR. : NPR.

Kaminer, D. N. (2021, August 31). Master Teacher Panel, invited panelist. ALSB Annual Conference. Online: Academy of Legal Studies in Business.

Kaminer, D. N. (2020, August 4). Discrimination Against Employees without Covid-19 Immunity. Academy of Legal Studies in Business. scheduled Providence Rhode Island (due to pandemic remote)

Kaminer, D. N. (2020, April 2). Anti-Boycott Legislation and the Expressive Rights of Businesses. The Robert Zicklin Center for Corporate Integrity. Baruch College (via ZOOM): The Robert Zicklin Center for Corporate Integrity.

Kaminer, D. N. (2020, June 30). COVID-19 and the Ethics of Vaccine Distribution, panelist. The New Normal in Business: 2020 and Beyond. New York, NY: Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College.

Kaminer, D. N. (2020, September 3). Public and Private Sector Mandates of COVID-19 Vaccination. Journal of Ethics Videocast. invited guest expert: American Medical Association.

Kaminer, D. N. (2020, November 14). The Legal Impact of COVID-19. Wisconsin Law Review Podcast. invited guest expert: Wisconsin Law Review Podcast.

Kaminer, D. N. (2019, May 31). The Thriving Law Department: The Baruch Experience. Academy of Legal Studies in Business. University of Connecticut School of Law

Kaminer, D. N. (2019, August 8). Banning BDS: Is it Constitutional for States to Punish Companies that Refuse to Do Business with Israel?. Academy of Legal Studies in Business.

Lehr-Samuels, A., Kaminer, D. N., Hahn, A., Sindhi, H., Gubernat, T., & Stone, C. (2018, November 29). Vocat: Innovative Multimedia Assignments and OERs. CUNY 17th Annual IT Conference. John Jay College, CUNY, New York, NY: CUNY.

Kaminer, D. N. (2018, August 31). The Supreme Court's Decision in Masterpiece Cakeshop: A Recipe for Balancing Religious Freedom and Anti-Discrimination Laws?. Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference. Portland Oregon

Kaminer, D. N. (2018, August 31). Title VII, Sex Stereotyping and LGBT Workplace Protections. Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference. Portland Oregon

Kaminer, D. N. (2017, August 9). Campus Free Speech and Title VII’s Prohibition of Hostile Work Environment Harassment. Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference. Savannah Georgia

Kaminer, D. N. (2017, August 8). Online Teaching Best Practices. Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference. Savannah Georgia

Kaminer, D. N. (2017, August 8). The Meaning of “Sex”(Using Title VII’s Definition of Sex to Teach About the Legal Regulation of Business), Master Teacher Symposium Finalist. Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference. Savannah Georgia: Academy of Legal Studies in Business.

Kaminer, D. N. (2016, August 31). Weed (Using Marijuana to Teach About the Legal Regulation of Business). Academy of Legal Studies in Business. San Juan Puerto Rico

Kaminer, D. N. (2016, August 31). Law Religion and Business: Exploring the Next Cross Roads. Academy of Legal Studies in Business Annual Conference.

Kaminer, D. N. (2016, August 4). Free Speech on College Campuses and Hostile Work Environment Harassment. Academy of Legal Studies in Business. San Juan Puerto Rico

Kaminer, D. N. (2015, August 31). The Impact of the Supreme Court's decision in EEOC v. Abercrombie. Academy of Legal Studies in Business. Philadelphia PA

Kaminer, D. N. (2015, June 11). Religious Accommodation in the American Workplace: Why Federal Courts Fail to Provide Meaningful Protection of Religious Employees. Bar Ilan University Journal of Law Relgion and State. Tel Aviv, Israel: Bar Ilan University.

Kaminer, D. N. (2014, August 5). Mental Illness in the Workplace and the ADAAA. Academy of Legal Studies in Business (ALSB) Annual Meeting. Seattle Washington: ALSB.

Kaminer, D. N. (2013, August 7). Using Mediation to Address Conflicts Involving Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. ALSB Annual Conference. Boston, MA: Academy of Legal Studies in Business (ALSB).

Kaminer, D. N. (2009, August 6). How Courts Have Used the Concept of Choice to Limit an Employee’s Right to Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. ALSB Annual Conference. Denver, CO: Academy of Legal Studies in Business (ALSB).

Kaminer, D. N. (2008, October 23). How Courts Have Used the Concept of Choice to Limit an Employee’s Right to Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. Third Annual Colloquium on Current Scholarship in Labor and Employment Law. California: California Western School of Law and University of San Diego Law School.

Kaminer, D. N. (1997, April 30). Extremism in the Military. Guest Commentator on Court TV.

Kaminer, D. N. (1997, March 31). Status and Constitutionality of School Voucher Plans. Symposium for ADL lay leaders from around the nation.

Kaminer, D. N. (1997, July 31). Current Supreme Court Decisions. Lecture to Barnard College Students.

Kaminer, D. N. (1997, May 31). Extremism in the Military. Lecture to Israeli Journalists.

Kaminer, D. N. (1996, March 31). Title VII and Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. Lecture for representatives from Fortune 500 companies, universities and branches of local government.

Kaminer, D. N. (1995, April 30). The Kiryas Joel Case. Presentation to the Western Bar Association.

Kaminer, D. N. (1995, July 31). Religion and Law. Lecture to students from Barnard University.

Kaminer, D. N. (1994, January 31). Religion, the Law and the Kiryas Joel Case. : Cardozo Law School.

Kaminer, D. N. (1994, January 31). Religion and the Law. Lecture to the Workmen's Circle.

TitleFunding Agency SponsorStart DateEnd DateAwarded DateTotal FundingStatus
Religious Accommodation, Undue Hardship, and the Impact on ColleaguesPSC-CUNY 5407/01/202306/30/202404/18/20234551Funded - In Progress
Honor / AwardOrganization SponsorDate ReceivedDescription
Articles cited in over a dozen briefs to the United States Supreme Court2023-06-23My scholarship on religious accommodation in the workplace was cited in over a dozen briefs to the United States Supreme Court in the June 2023 case Groff v. DeJoy
Finalist for Jackson Lewis "Outstanding Employment Law Paper" for The Roberts Court and Religion: How the Supreme Court is Using Title VII to Diminish Workers' RightsAcademy of Legal Studies in Business2023
Invited Scholars Colloquium of the Journal of Legal Studies EducationAcademy of Legal Studies in Business2021-08-06Selected to present research in the Invited Scholars Colloquium of the Journal of Legal Studies Education
Charles M. Hewitt Master Teacher Award RecipientAcademy of Legal Studies in Business (ALSB)2021-08-03I was named the 2021 Charles M. Hewitt Master Teacher by the Academy of Legal Studies in Business (ALSB) the international organization of law professors who teach in business schools. This is the highest teaching honor given by the ALSB.
Finalist for Best Paper AwardMid-Atlantic Academy of Legal Studies in Business (MAALSB)2021Finalist for Best Paper Award, Annual Meeting of MAALSB (Mid-Atlantic Academy of Legal Studies in Business) Vaccines in the Time of COVID-19: How Government and Businesses Can Help Us Reach Herd Immunity
Finalist International Master Teacher CompetitionAcademy of Legal Studies in Business2017I was one of four finalists in an annual teaching competition sponsored by the Academy of Legal Studies in Business.
Summer Research AwardZicklin School of Business2016-06-03Summer Research Award 2016 and 2017
Faculty Recognition Recipient (2005-2008, 2010)Baruch 2010
Teaching Excellence AwardZicklin School of Business2009
Faculty Achievement Award for ResearchZicklin2002
Zicklin Fellow (1999-2000)2000
Teaching Excellence AwardZicklin School of Business2000
Zicklin Fellow (1999-2000)2000
Featured in the 1996 "Profiles of the Profession" issue of Barrister, the offical magazine American Bar Association's Young Lawyers Division1996
Human Rights FellowshipColumbia University School of Law1991

College

Committee NamePosition RoleStart DateEnd Date
MBA Steering CommitteeCommittee MemberPresent
Graduate Curriculum CommitteeCommittee MemberPresent
EMBA Admissions CommitteeCommittee MemberPresent
Edited and Authored Final ExamsEdited and Authored Departmental Final Exam, Fall 2013, Spring 2013, Fall 2012, Spring 2012, Fall 2011, Spring 2011, Fall 2010, Spring 2010, Fall 2009, Spring 2009, Fall 2008, Fall 2007, Spring 2006, Fall 2005, Spring 2005, Fall 2004, Spring 2004, Fall 2003, Fall 2001, Spring 2000 and Fall 199812/31/2019
Law Department Executive Committee8/31/2018
Law Department Curriculum Committee8/31/2018
Law Department Hiring Committee7/31/2017
Undergraduate Curriculum Committee9/30/2014
Graduate Assurance of Learning Committee9/30/2014
School Academic Review Committee9/30/2013
Law Department 1101 CommitteeCommittee Member5/31/2011
Ad Hoc Salary Committee8/31/2010
Law Department Strategic Planning CommitteeCommittee Chair7/31/2010
Middle States Faculty CommitteeCommittee Member5/31/2009
Faculty SenatorCommittee Member5/31/2009
Law Department 3102 Committee5/31/2009
Law Department External Review CommitteeCommittee Chair5/31/2009
Law Department Ad Hoc Research Committee, Fall 2008Committee Member12/31/2008
Brochure CommitteeCommittee Chair12/31/2007
Zicklin Graduate Curriculum CommitteeAlternate Member12/31/2007
Zicklin School of Business Executive CommitteeCommittee Chair8/31/2006
Zicklin School of Business Executive CommitteeCommittee Member8/31/2006
Law Department Research Policy CommitteeCommittee Chair4/30/2006
Student Placement4/30/2006
Law Department at the Major and Careers FairRepresentative12/31/2003
Research Task ForceCommittee Member12/31/2003
Website Update CommitteeLaw Department Representative 10/31/2003
Articulation CommitteeCommittee Chair4/30/2003
Mission Statement CommitteeAlternate Member5/31/2002
Prizes and Awards CommitteeCommittee Chair4/30/2002
Library Committee4/30/2001
Law Department Secretary12/31/2000
Undergraduate Curriculum Committee12/31/1998
Full-time MBA Student Life Advisory CommitteeCommittee Member12/31/1998
School of Public Affairs Real Estate Search Committee 12/31/1998

University

Committee NamePosition RoleStart DateEnd Date
CUNY Legal ScholarsCommittee Member6/1/2019Present
PSC CUNY Women's Committee1/1/199912/31/2002

Professional

OrganizationPosition RoleOrganization StateOrganization CountryStart DateEnd DateAudience
Journal of Law and ReligionReviewer, Journal Article8/1/2018Present
Journal of Business EthicsReviewer, Journal Article9/4/2020PresentNational
American Business Law JournalReviewer, Journal Article1/1/2016Present
Journal of Legal Studies EducationReviewer, Journal Article7/1/2018Present