Creating an Outline

Design Guidelines

1. Keep It Simple
2. 6x6 Rule
3. Make It Easy to Read
4. Focus on Visuals
---- Tables
---- Image Composition
---- Image Quality
---- Diagrams and Charts
---- Graphs
5. Avoid Errors
6. Insert Blank Slide

Delivery Guidelines

1. Practice with AV Aids
2. Speak with Technique
3. Remain in Control
4. Make Content Clear
5. Navigate Smoothly
6. Answer with Skill




Human Rights Quiz


PowerPoint Resources


Outline (doc file)

Good Presentation (ppt file)

Bad Presentation (ppt file)

Guidelines (pdf file)


Tutorial Pages

Lynda. (2014). PowerPoint tutorials. Retrieved from

Microsoft. (2014). PowerPoint blog. Retrieved from


Guidelines for the Effective Use of PowerPoint

DiSanza, J. R., & Legge, N. J. (2005). Business and professional communication: Plans, processes, and performance. New York: Pearson.

Lucas, S. E. (2011). The art of public speaking (11th ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill.

Osborn, M., & Osborn, S. (2011). Public speaking (9th ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Paradi, D. (2000). Ten secrets for using PowerPoint effectively. Retrieved from

Sprague, J., & Stuart, D. (2013). The speaker's compact handbook (4th edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.


Critical Articles and Essays on the Effective Use of PowerPoint

Godin, S. (2007). Really bad PowerPoint. Retrieved from

Parker, I. (2001, May 28). Absolute PowerPoint. The New Yorker, 76-86. Retrieved from LexisNexis database.

Schwartz, J. (2003, September 28). The level of discourse continues to slide. New York Times, Week in Review, p. 12. Retrieved from LexisNexis database.


Satirical Commentary

Learning to love PowerPoint. (2003, September 11). Wired. Retrieved from

Norvig, P. (n.d.). The Gettysburg PowerPoint presentation. Retrieved from

Tufte, E. (2003). The cognitive style of PowerPoint. Retrieved from ($7, downloadable)


Universal Declaration of Human Rights Resources

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Full Text

Universal Declaration of Human Rights: History


Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

United Nations

Amnesty International

Human Rights Watch



Amitai, E. (1997). The end of cross-cultural relativism. Alternatives: Social Transformation & Humane Governance, 22 (2), 177-190.

Forsythe, D. P. (1991). The internationalization of human rights. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath.

Gareis, E. (2005). Relativism versus universalism: Developing a personal philosophy. Communication Teacher, 19 (2), 39-43.

Glendon, M. A. (2001). A world made new: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. New York: Random House.

Ishay, M. R. (2004). The history of human rights from ancient times to the globalization era. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Morsink, J. (1999). The universal declaration of human rights: Origins, drafting, and intent. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Poole, H. (Ed.). (1999). Human rights: The essential reference. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.

Renteln, A. D. (1990). International human rights: Universalism versus relativism. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

United Nations. (2014). Treaty collection. Retrieved from

United Nations Department of Public Information. (1997). The universal declaration of human rights: A magna carta for all humanity. Retrieved from

Waltz, S. (2002). Reclaiming and rebuilding the history of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Third World Quarterly, 23 (3), 437-448. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere database.

Wronka, J. (1992). Human rights and social policy in the 21st century. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Effective Use of PowerPoint