Multiple Grants Awarded to Department of Natural Sciences
Professors Jamal Jalilian-Marian and Adrian Dumitru:
Weissman Professors Jamal Jalilian-Marian and Adrian Dumitru, of the Department of Natural Sciences, have received a grant from Department of Energy. Their project title is "High-Energy QCD in Heavy Ion Collisions." Jalilian-Marian and Dumitru are both Associate Professors of Physics. Professor Adrian has joint appointments at Baruch College and Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Professor David Gruber:
Project/Proposal Title: “RIG: Isolation, Characterization and Evolution of Fluorescent Proteins from Indo-Pacific and Caribbean Marine Organisms.” Source of Support: National Science Foundations
Period Covered: 07/01/09 - 06/30/11.
Location of Project: Baruch College.
Project/Proposal Title: “Deep Reef Cayman Island Project.” Co-Principal Investigator. Source of Support: Stuarts Walker Hersant;
Period Covered: 06/01/08 – 06/30/09.
Location of Project: Little Cayman Island, BWI
Professor Peter Orland:
Project/Proposal Title: “Soft Scattering, Integrability and Confinement in QCD.”
Source of Support: Nuclear Theory Division of the National Science Foundation
Period Covered: 09/01/09-8/31/12.
Location of Project: Baruch College.
Professor Jason Munshi-South:
Project/Proposal Title: “Landscape Genetics of Small Mammals in New York City.” Source of Support: National Science Foundation
Period Covered: 2008-10.
Location of Project: Baruch College; working with undergraduates paid researchers Jonathan Grindley and Katerina Kharchenko. One of the two graduate students arriving in the fall will also work on the research.
Project/Proposal Title: “Conservation genetics of the last remaining proboscis monkey population in northeast Borneo.”
Source of Support: American Philosophical Society;
Total Award Period Covered: 2008.
Location of Project: Borneo and Baruch College – collected fecal samples from the population out of a mangrove and peat swamp; is sequencing them at Baruch.
Summary of the DOE grant for general readers:
Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is the theory that describes one of the four fundamental forces of Nature, the strong interaction. Its fundamental degrees of freedom, called quarks and gluons, are bound together so tightly that they are permanently confined within protons and neutrons which in turn are the building blocks of atomic nuclei. QCD predicts that the nucleons will “melt” and that quarks and gluons will be liberated at temperatures exceeding 1,000,000,000,000 degrees Kelvin, a million times higher than the interior of the sun.
This hot soup of quarks and gluons is called a Quark-Gluon Plasma and must have been the state our universe was in up to a few microseconds after the Big Bang. It is sought to recreate this extremely hot primordial state of matter by colliding heavy ions at high energies where they move at nearly the speed of light. Such experiments are being carried out at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Long Island, New York and at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, near Geneva, Switzerland. Understanding the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma may provide insight into the evolution of the universe close to its beginnings.
Baruch Professors Adrian Dumitru and Jamal Jalilian-Marian's grant will support their work on applications of QCD theory to high energy heavy ion collisions. They have focused their efforts on understanding the quantum mechanical wave functions of heavy ions boosted to nearly the speed of light and on gluon thermalization processes during the early time stages of high-energy collisions where their theoretical calculations are applicable.