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Health Services

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDs)

Types of STDs

  HIV/AIDS
Cause & Symptoms Caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Symptoms are swollen lymph glands, fever, night sweats, severe fatigue, weight loss, white spots in the mouth, and diarrhea. Transmitted by sexual contact with an infected person.
Diagnosis & Treatment HIV/AIDS is diagnosed by a blood test. There is no cure. Drugs can be taken to treat the symptoms and illnesses related to AIDS. Different from other STDs, AIDS ultimately causes death.
Prevention Never share needles of any kind. Avoid contact with blood or wounds. Abstain from sex. If you are sexually active, find out about your partner's past sexual and drug experiences. Always use a latex condom with a spermicide containing Nonoxynol-9 every time you have sex. Remember, even when used correctly, condoms are not 100% safe.
   
  GONORRHEA
Cause & Symptoms Caused by a bacteria. Transmitted by sexual contact with an infected person. Symptoms are abnormal discharge or "drip" from the penis or vagina, burning when urinating and stomach pain in women. Symptoms are not always present. Four out of 5 women with gonorrhea do not have symptoms.
Diagnosis & Treatment In men, diagnosis is made by examining the discharge from the penis. In women, the cervix is wiped with a cotton tip which is examined. Gonorrhea is treated with penicillin. Penicillin is not a cure; it treats the symptoms. Gonorrhea may cause severe damage to reproductive organs infertility in women, sterility in men, heart trouble, skin disease and arthritis if untreated.
Prevention Do not have sex. If sexually active, know your partner's history; use latex condoms and foam or jelly every time you have sex. Limit your number of sex partners.
   
  SYPHILIS
Cause & Symptoms Caused by a bacteria. Transmitted by sexual contact with an infected person. Stage One: symptoms are reddish-brown painless sores on the sex organs, mouth and swollen glands. Stage Two: develops months later with fever, rash, aches, sore throat, hair loss and enlarged lymph glands. Stage Three: develops years later; slowly causes heart, blood vessel and brain damage.
Diagnosis & Treatment A sample is scraped from the sore or a blood test can diagnose syphilis 3-12 weeks after infection. It is treated by penicillin shots. If stage goes untreated, stage three appears. Syphilis is dangerous and treatment is necessary for cure.
Prevention Do not have sex. If sexually active, know your partner's history; use latex condoms and foam or jelly every time you have sex. Get treated if infected. Limit your number of sex partners.
   
  HERPES
Cause & Symptoms Caused by a virus. Transmitted by sexual contact with an actively infected person. Symptoms are small, red and painful blisters on sex organs and surrounding areas, rectum (genital herpes) or on mouth (oral herpes). It may be on the fingers, or any body surface. Flu-like symptoms may also be present.
Diagnosis & Treatment The blisters are examined and the fluid inside is tested. Herpes can not be cured, it is controlled by drugs that speed healing and prevent recurrences.
Prevention Do not have oral, anal, vaginal sex if you or your partner has blisters. Use a latex condom between outbreaks. Manage stress; stress can trigger outbreaks. Limit you number of sex partners.
   
  CHLAMYDIA
Cause & Symptoms Caused by a bacteria. Transmitted by having sex with an infected person. Symptoms are odorless discharge from the vagina or penis, burning when urinating, bleeding periods. In the beginning there are no symptoms.
Diagnosis & Treatment A sample of the discharge or some cervix cells are examined. Chlamydia is cured by drugs. You and your partner should be tested and treated. If it goes untreated a woman can get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can cause tubal pregnancies and sterility. Males can also become sterile.
Prevention Abstain from sex. If you are sexually active, use a condom with foam or jelly. Know your partner's sexual history. Limit your number of sex partners.
   
  VENEREAL/GENITAL WARTS
Cause & Symptoms Caused by a virus. Transmitted by sexual contact, skin to skin contact with genital warts. Symptoms are small, bumpy warts on the penis, vagina, cervix, in and around the rectum and throat. Sometimes they are so tiny they are not noticed.
Diagnosis & Treatment A medical exam is necessary for diagnosis. Warts are removed with chemicals, burning, freezing, lasers or minor surgery. Warts that are not removed can spread. The sooner they are removed, the better.
Prevention Abstain from sex. If you are sexually active, use a latex condom, and foam or jelly. Wash exposed areas before and after contact. Limit you number of sex partners.
   
  CRABS/PUBIC LICE
Cause & Symptoms Caused by parasites that live in pubic hair, armpits or eyebrows. Transmitted by close contact, sharing clothes and bedding of an infected person. Symptoms are itching, lice in hair, pin-sized blood spots on unerwear.
Diagnosis & Treatment It is treated with special lotions or shampoos from your doctor or pharmacy. All clothes and sheets must be washed and sterilized.
Prevention Do not have close contact, share clothes or bed with an infected individual.
   
  NGU (Non-Gonococcal Urethritis)
Cause & Symptoms Caused by a bacteria. Symptoms are abnormal discharge from penis while urinating, itching. Usually women do not have symptoms. It is transmitted through sexual contact.
Diagnosis & Treatment Diagnosis is made by a medical examination and test. It is treated by drugs (antibiotics). You and your partner should be treated. If it is not treated, it may cause damage to the reproductive organs, sterility and infertility.
Prevention Abstain from sex. If you are sexually active use a latex condom every time you have sex with a foam or jelly. Know your partner's sexual history. Limit your number of sex partner.
   
  VAGINITIS
Cause & Symptoms Vaginitis is a general tern for infections of the vagina. It is caused by a fungus or bacteria. Most common causes of vaginitis are yeast infections, trichomoniasis ("trich") and hemophilus (gardnerella). Symtoms are abnormal discharge, itching, burning and odor. It is transmitted by sex, deodorant sprays, soaps and tampons.
Diagnosis & Treatment Diagnosis is made by a medical professional. Treatments range from creams to oral medication depending on the cause. Your partner needs to be treated, also. If it is not treated, it won't cause any severe health problems. See a doctor to be sure you don't have other diseases.
Prevention You can help prevent vaginiitis by practicing good hygiene. If sexually active, use a latex condom.
   
  CONTROL STDs
Cause & Symptoms STDs are caused by bacteria, fungus or viruses. They are usually spread by anal, oral, or vaginal sex. Common symptoms are discharge, burning, itching, lumps and bumps, sores and abdominal pain. REMEMBER you may have a STD and no symptoms!
Diagnosis & Treatment Go to a doctor or clinic as soon as you or your partner have symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to help prevent spreading the disease and future health problems.
Prevention The best protection is not to have vaginal, anal or oral sex, especially with an infected partner. If you are sexually active use a latex condom with foam or jelly, know your partner's sexual past, and limit your number of sex partners.

 

Myths and Facts

Myth: STDs are minor diseases.
Fact: STDs can become major health problems.

Myth: If symptoms go away on their own, you're cured.
Fact: Only treatment can cure STDs.

Myth: You can treat STDs yourself.
Fact: Only a medical doctor can diagnose and treat STDs.

Myth: Toilet seats, door knobs and hot tubs spread STDs.
Fact: STDs are almost always spread by sex.

Myth: You know if you have an STD.
Fact: Some symptoms don't show up until they are serious.

Myth: It won't happen to me.
Fact: Anybody can get an STD. It's up to you to prevent it.

For additional information call the STD Hotline: (212) 427-5120.

 

Free STD Clinics

NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Sexually Transmitted Disease Control Program
Confidential STD Testing and Treatment
Confidential and Anonymous HIV Counseling and Testing
(Clinic hours may vary, please call ahead!)

Bronx Morrisania
  1309 Fulton Ave., 2nd Fl. (E. 168th St.)
Bronx, NY 10456
(718) 579-7714
Bx55 or Bx15 bus to 169th St./Third Ave.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:00am-4:00pm, Sat. 8:30am-1:30pm
Hepatitis screening and vaccines available
   
Brooklyn Crown Heights
  1218 Prospect Place, 2nd Fl. (Troy Ave.)
Brooklyn, NY 11213
(7l8) 735-0580
3, 4, A or C train to Utica Ave.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm
   
  Fort Greene
  295 Flatbush Ave. Ext., 5th Fl. (Willoughby)
Brooklyn, NY 11201
(718) 643-4133
2, 3 or 5 train to Nevins St. or
N, R or D train to DeKalb Ave.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm, Sat. 8:30am-1:30pm
   
Manhattan Central Harlem
  2238 Fifth Ave., 3rd Fl. (137th St.)
New York, NY 10037
(212) 690-1760
2 train to 135th St.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm
   
  East Harlem
  158 E. 115th St., 1st Fl. (Lexington Ave.)
New York, NY 10029
(212) 360-5962
6 train to 116th St.
  STD Services
Tue., Wed. & Thu., 8:30am-4:30pm
HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm
   
  Chelsea
  303 Ninth Ave., 2nd Fl. (W. 28th St.)
New York, NY 10001
(212) 239-1718/1725
C or E train to 23rd St. or
1 or 9 train to 28th St.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm, Sat. 9:00am-2:00pm
   
  Riverside
  160 W. 100th St. (Columbus/Amsterdam)
New York, NY 10025
(212) 865-7757
1, 2, 3 or 9 train to 96th St.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm
Hepatitis screening and vaccines available; call for info
   
Queens Corona
  34-33 Junction Blvd. (Northern Blvd.)
Jackson Heights, NY 11372
7 train to Junction Blvd., Q72 bus to 35th Ave.
  STD Services (718) 476-7815
Tue. & Fri. 8:00am-4:00pm
HIV Counseling & Testing (718) 476-7627
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm
   
  Jamaica
  90-37 Parsons Blvd., 1st Fl. (Jamaica Ave.)
Jamaica, NY 11432
(718) 262-5572
E, S, J train to Parsons Blvd.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:00am-4:30pm, Sat. 8:30am-1:30pm
   
  Rockaway
  67-19 Rockaway Blvd. (Addabbo Health Center)
Queens, NY 11692
(718) 945-7150
A train to Beach 67th St.
  STD Services & HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 9:00am-5:00pm
   
Staten Island    Richmond
  51 Stuyvesant Place, 1st Fl. (Wall St.)
Staten Island, NY 10301
(718) 420-4438/4995
  HIV Counseling & Testing
Mon. - Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm
STD Services
Mon. & Thu. 1:00pm-4:00pm
Rapid HIV Testing and Emergency Contraception are available.

 

  • Adolescents DO NOT need parental consent for examination and treatment.
  • Proof of citizenship or immigration status NOT required.
  • No insurance necessary, services are FREE.