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Population and Geography

   
     
 

New York City (NYC)
Spoken Languages and Ancestry
Population 5 Years and Over

 
     
  Languages Spoken at Home
2000
2010

2016*
Estimates

 
  Speak only English
3,920,751
3,910,650
4,053,864
 
  Spanish or Spanish Creole
1,832,448
1,861,885
1,935,904
 
  Indo-European languages:  
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun)
105,821
80,866
95,329
 
  Haitian
89,039
98,693
111,310
 
  Italian
139,536
98,037
73,795
 
  Portuguese or Portuguese Creole
18,369
16,565
17,640
 
  German
33,066
22,874
18,945
 
  Yiddish
82,732
84,082
87,034
 
  Greek
58,343
47,570
35,576
 
  Russian
194,602
185,097
177,969
 
  Polish
60,604
56,732
55,878
 
  Serbo-Croatian
19,895
18,566
19,375
 
  Other Slavic Languages
16,631
15,209
18,669
 
  Armenian
4,922
3,339
4,044
 
  Persian
12,397
11,515
15,375
 
  Gujarati
9,377
10,083
10,204
 
  Hindi
25,015
30,632
31,953
 
  Urdu
38,489
42,773
40,399
 
  Punjabi
N/A
N/A
26,183
 
  Bengali
N/A
N/A
109,678
 
  Other Indic Languages
79,154
108,917
18,448
 
  Other Indo-European Languages
45,257
45,579
59,400
 
  Asian and Pacific Island languages:  
  Telugu
N/A
N/A
2,712
 
  Tamil
N/A
N/A
6,056
 
  Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages
N/A
N/A
8,194
 
  Chinese
323,529
411,844
507,184
 
  Japanese
20,502
23,070
22,523
 
  Korean
77,120
79,407
69,930
 
  Hmong
4
12
0
 
  Vietnamese
10,085
10,727
11,191
 
  Khmer
1,976
2,548
3,229
 
  Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages
4,250
4,680
4,882
 
  Other Asian Languages
26,912
37,497
26,566
 
  Tagalog
45,767
51,155
50,844
 
  Other Pacific Island Languages
4,445
7,135
6,051
 
  Other languages:  
  Arabic
48,981
48,697
81,463
 
  Hebrew
50,263
49,164
51,951
 
  African languages
44,915
62,069
90,178
 
  Navajo
18
10
0
 
  Other Native North American languages
1,081
1,297
568
 
  Other and unspecified languages
4,465
4,504
22,390
 
     
 
Notes:
*Latest annual estimate available
.
 
     
 

View Additional NYC Household Data:
Age & Sex Distribution
Average Household Size
Household Structure

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Source:
U.S. Census Bureau - American Community Survey (Table B16001)