New York - Capital of the Modern World
New York is the concentrate of art and commerce and sport
"Here is New York" - By E. B. White, 1949
We assert that the common thread is creativity. People with ideas, energy and entrepreneurship need proximity and opportunities for interaction, by plan and by chance, with others like themselves. They feed off each other, and achieve. Each achievement challenges the creators to achieve further. Thus, the dynamism of the city. And the high rents. The renters - commercial and residential - are paying for proximity to creativity and energy. Joseph Schumpeter may not have had New York in mind when he coined the term "creative destruction," but he certainly would have applied it to this city.
This compendium of data, facts and figures over a wide range of fields quantifies many aspects of New York City and, in some cases, the metropolitan region. There is no index of creativity, or of energy or ambition. Those are implied in the results and the data. But first, a summary statement. A good one -- perhaps the best -- was written by E.L.Doctorow, the noted American writer, as part of the introduction to Gotham Comes of Age, a publication of the Museum of the City of New York, 1999. He said, in part:
An integral part of the energy and creativity of New York City is the diversity. After all, New York is the least American of American cities. The resident population (Census 2000 data) exceeds eight million people. But fewer than half (49 percent) speak only English at home. Another 23 percent speak Spanish or Spanish Creole. Then the concentration thins: 4 percent speak Chinese; over 2 percent speak Russian; fewer than 2 percent, Italian. The number of languages spoken at home is well over 40; we don't know how many separate languages are captured in Census categories labeled "Other Indo-European," "Other Pacific Island," "Other Asian" and "Unspecified."
Large numbers of these foreign language speaking residents were born abroad -- close to 36 percent. They arrived from over 80 countries. (Here, too, the precise number is not known because Census has catch-all categories that include several countries, such as "Middle Africa," "Northern Africa," "Caribbean" and so on.) The largest immigrant group is from the Dominican Republic, followed by China and Jamaica. These cultural groups are served by 99 foreign language and ethnic newspapers -- daily, semi-weekly, bi-weekly and monthly. And the foreign born and the American born freely practice their respective religions -- virtually every creed in the world -- in countless houses of worship. Countless because some ceremonies and religious meetings take place in private homes, or rooms at community centers that might also serve as support groups for alcoholics, battered women, terminally ill.
Diversity is an inherent component of the city's history. Unlike the other early eastern United States settlements, New York was not settled by religious zealots or prisoners. It was established in 1624 by the Dutch West India Company to serve as a trading and commercial center for New Netherlands. Accordingly, all comers were welcome. Their success here depended on their own work, effort and creativity. "Gentlemen need not apply." And so it has been since.
Of course there are business centers in New York -- commercial, financial, shipping and transportation, entertainment and media, manufacturing and so on. But the people who work in New York live in neighborhoods. There are 291 recognized neighborhoods within the five boroughs (counties). Most of these began as small settlements or villages which were eventually swallowed up by the city.
So, we invite you to browse through this compendium of data. Satisfy your curiosity. Marvel at the phenomenon that is New York City.