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New York City's
Sustainability has become a critical element
of housing development in large metropolitan areas around the world. Since
NYC's resident population is expected to reach 9 million, the city began
to make significant efforts to build a sustainable housing stock.
The city also capitalizes on opportunities to develop underused sites.
One such project is the Caemmerer Railyards that will transform a 26-acre
MTA/Long Island Rail Road train storage yard on the far west side of Manhattan
into a high-density residential and commercial complex at the focal point
of the Hudson Yards. Planned extension of subway line 7 will provide the
new development with convenient public transportation.
Energy efficiency is another important aspect of sustainable housing.
While the rising utility costs are out of the city's control, and in fact
between 2005 and 2008 they contributed more to the total cost of living
in New York than rising rents, some measures are still be taken to lower
energy consumption (for more detail, see the Energy section of this chapter).
On October 3, 2005 New York City adopted Local Law 86 (LL86), one of the
nation’s first green building laws. It requires many capital projects
that involve building construction and that receive city funds to be built
in accordance with the rigorous standards of the Leadership in Energy
and Environmental Design (LEED®) green building rating system. It
requires that most of these projects, as well as larger Heating, Ventilating,
and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems, lighting and plumbing upgrades be
designed to reduce the use of energy and potable water well below the
standards prescribed by the current NYC building code. Also beginning
in fiscal year 2011, all new construction projects financed by Housing
Preservation and Development (HPD) will be required to achieve Green Communities
Certification, which provides affordable housing providers with cost-effective
standards for creating healthy and energy-efficient homes. These measures
will contribute to a cleaner and healthier New York City and will reduce
our carbon footprint.