International Nongovernmental Organizations

Baruch has one of the nation's largest and most distinguished professional nonprofit education degrees, as well as executive certificate and research programs focused on the sector. New York City is home to one of the world's largest concentrations of internationally focused nongovernmental organizations.

This track examines questions fundamental to the emergence and conduct of civil society at the national and international level: how political and social participation is mediated by INGOs, how the relationship between governments and INGOs emerges in different historical, legal, and cultural contexts, how INGOs can collaborate across national boundaries, and INGO management can improve sensitivity to local self-determination. As the number of domestically and internationally focused INGOs quickly expands throughout the world (e.g. in Brazil, Turkey and China) this focus will provide Baruch graduates with relevant expertise in policy impact and practical management. Concentration in this area will prepare students for careers at international institutions such as the United Nations, the World Bank and the IMF, local, national, and international issue-focused INGOs, as well as at corporate foundations, and businesses committed to promoting development through international public-private partnerships.

Master of International Affairs (42 credits, 45 if internship required)

Core (30 credits, 33 credits if internship required)

Master Methods

PAF 9180 Policy Analysis

Overview of the use of analytic techniques in solving public sector problems and designing government programs. Topics include agenda setting, approaches to problem solving, the role of values in policy making and policy analysis, policy-relevant data collection and analysis, principles of benefit-cost analysis, techniques of policy analysis (e.g., queuing, simulations, formal modeling), strategies for policy adoption and implementation, and the politics of policy analysis.

PAF 9140 Budgeting and Financial Analysis I

This course focuses on the budget cycle and budget decision-making. It includes tools for developing, implementing, and controlling a budget within a, typically, public organization. Topics include development of operating budgets, cash budgets, break-even analysis, cost behavior, the time value of money, capital budgeting, long-term financing, and variance analysis. Basic budget accounting concepts are studied. The course includes development of spreadsheet skills for budgeting. Prerequisite: Spreadsheet knowledge strongly recommended.

PAF 9170 Research and Analysis I

The first course in a two-course sequence (the second course is PAF 9172) that provides an introduction to research and analytical methods as applied to public policy and management. Students will develop expertise as consumers of research findings and learn methods for designing and conducting research. This first course provides an introduction to data analysis and statistical inference, with an emphasis on policy and management applications. Topics include graphing and numerical summaries, normal distributions, descriptive correlation and regression, basic probability and sampling distributions, confidence intervals, significance tests, chi-square tests, and inference for regression. Students learn these techniques through hands-on work with real data and statistical software. Prerequisite: Not open to students who have received credit for PAF 9317.

PAF 9172 Research and Analysis II

The second course in a two-course sequence (the first course is PAF 9170) that provides an introduction to research and analytical methods as applied to public policy and management. Students will develop expertise as consumers of research findings and learn basic methods for designing and conducting research. Topics include the use of theory or models, identifying causes, experiments and quasi-experiments, the logic of control variables and the interpretation of multiple regression, measurement concepts and methods, qualitative methods, and complex sampling. The emphasis is on learning these ideas through practice with many different examples of real-world research and empirical evidence.
Prerequisite: PAF 9170 or permission of instructor.

Know the World

PAF 9184 International Institutions and Global Governance

In a world of globalization and global threats—financial contagion, terrorism, proliferation, climate change, health crises—this course examines the role of international institutions and norms and asks whether they can make the world a safer, more just place. Why did states create global institutions—and why in these forms? How does their structure limit or reinforce their ability to address problems? How do norms develop and change? What is the role of NGOs and of multinational corporations? How must the system adapt to new actors and challenges?

PAF 9415 International Economics

This course introduces students to the basic micro- and macro-economic principles that underlie international economic relations. Students will gain an understanding of international trade and finance and the effects of various international economic policies on domestic and world economic well-being. [The course is not open to students who have completed PAF 9130 or ECO 9704.]

PAF 9410 Global Economic Governance

In the absence of global government, global economic governance organizations have emerged to coordinate, monitor, manage, and direct the economic and monetary activities of states and firms. This course will introduce students to the agreements and predominant institutions that compose global economic governance regimes, including the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and World Trade Organization. It will examine organizational and voting structures, rules for legitimate state and non-state participants, compliance mechanisms, and agenda setting.


PAF 9420 Global Communication

In this class students will apply a comparative perspective to the communicative conditions that prevail in countries across the world, from everyday cultural practices (e.g. diplomatic ways of communicating in various societies) to organizational and policy considerations (e.g. free speech protections or restrictions). Students will sharpen their professional communication skills by speaking and writing on topics addressing issues of policy and administration in global contexts.

PAF 9181 Comparative Public Policy and Administration

This course focuses on international variations in public affairs through a comparative analysis of the factors that drive policymaking and determine the configuration of the public and nonprofit sectors around the globe. The course provides students with a basic toolbox of theories and methodologies needed to conduct comparative analyses of public policies and governance systems.

PAF 9190 Public Affairs Capstone Seminar

Advanced seminar in which students produce a semester project drawing from the full course of study toward the Masters of Public Administration. The project may involve policy research, intensive study of an organization, development of a rationale for new or changed service programs, or some combination of these. Special attention is placed on incorporating knowledge from the core curriculum.
Prerequisite: PAF 9100, PAF 9103, PAF 9120, PAF 9130, PAF 9140, PAF 9170 and PAF 9172


PAF 9195 Public Affairs Internship (required if less than 1 year of relevant international work experience)

This course provides students with real-world administrative experience in a public or nonprofit organization. The work assignment requires 150 hours. Class sessions are determined by the instructor. The course is graded on a pass/no-credit basis. The internship pass/no-credit selection does not preclude the completion of another MIA elective course for pass/no-credit. PAF 9195 may be repeated, but only with the permission of the instructor and the Associate Dean of the School of Public Affairs. It is not open to students who have completed PAF 9191, PAF 9192, or PAF 9322.
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.

International Non-Governmental Organizations (12 credits)

Required (3 Credits)

PAF 9183 International Nonprofit Organizations

This course examines the international dimension of the nonprofit world. It focuses on those nonprofit organizations that work across borders because: 1) they seek to influence global issues such as economic justice, human rights or the environment; 2) they deliver aid or capacity building programs in developing countries; or 3) they are the secretariat or headquarters of an international network of organizations. The course will explore international and cross-cultural management issues, relationships with national governments and supranational entities, and international advocacy strategies.
Prerequisites or Co-requisite: PAF9120, or PAF 9150, or permission of instructor.

Electives (6 credits from list below plus 3 credits either from list below or from another graduate program with advisor approval)

PAF 9151 Administration of the Nonprofit Sector and Voluntary Agencies

Study of management techniques and strategies applicable in nonprofit agencies. Topics include agency interaction with governmental and political institutions, planning and control systems, the role of the governing board, and the role of the executive director. Special attention is paid to the needs of community service/social welfare and cultural/arts organizations.

PAF 9153 Budgeting and Finance for Nonprofits

This course is for students whose career path is the nonprofit world and aspire to hold senior level positions in nonprofits. The course provides the tools for budgeting in a nonprofit, and the tools of financial analysis and managerial control as is currently practiced in nonprofit organizations.
Prerequisite: PAF 9140 or permission of instructor.

PAF 9109 Government Contracting

Review of the principles and practices of government contracting and analysis of the major types of government contracts. Administration and management problems of the government procurement function are identified and analyzed. Major policy questions, including societal implications of large-scale government contracting, are explored.

PAF 9150 Introduction to the Nonprofit Sector

Historical and contemporary perspectives on nonprofit organizations and the nonprofit sector in the United States. The course will emphasize the size, scope, and functions of the nonprofit sector as they have evolved, with particular emphasis on relations with the public and business sectors and current issues affecting the environment in which nonprofit organizations operate.

PAF 9152 Fundraising and Grants Administration in Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations

Examination of the strategies and techniques for acquiring voluntary and governmental support for local nonprofit agencies. The course focuses on the role that fund raising plays in the economics of the nonprofit organization and its relationship with government agencies, foundations, and other donor/granting institutions.

PAF 9156 Emergency Preparation, Response, and Recovery

The purpose of the course is to introduce students to policy, planning and management of human services issues that arise in preparing for and responding to disasters and emergencies that have broad effects on people, property, and communities. The course includes the role of both government and nonprofit organizations in responding to disasters and in providing services for relief and recovery. The course also addresses issues of readiness and planning by public and community organizations. Recent and historical events provide examples for students to examine and compare.

PAF 9157 Introduction to Philanthropy

This course considers the complex system of private giving that supports civil society, examining the ways in which private funds are given and the vehicles through which they are administered. It emphasizes the philanthropic motivations, strategic frameworks, and practices of individuals and institutions in the U.S. and other regions, as well as the public impact of these private activities. It also examines the current legal and regulatory framework within which philanthropy operates and emerging controversies about philanthropic institutions and activities.
Prerequisites or Co-requisite: PAF 9120, or PAF 9150, or PAF 9151

PAF 9158 Religion, Nonprofits, Politics, Policy

Religious bodies are the largest component of the nonprofit sector in terms of numbers of organizations, giving, and volunteering, providing essential education, health, and human services. This course offers an overview of the role of religion in American public life, focusing its relationship to government, engagement in politics and policy, and provision of services.

PAF 9182 Development Administration

Introduction to the social, economic, political, and technological constraints, requisites, and institutions used in development programs both national and transnational.

PAF 9425 Western Hemisphere Affairs: Past, Present and Future

This course will examine the contemporary policy agenda for political, economic, and social relations among countries in the Western Hemisphere. Among the contemporary cases under study will be: trade and regional economic integration; foreign investment and finance; energy; the environment; security and regional diplomacy; transnational migration; drug trafficking; and democratization and human rights.

PAF 9430 Diaspora, Migration and Transnational Life in the Western Hemisphere and Beyond

This course will examine migration, diaspora and transnational life in the Western Hemisphere, with comparative reference to other cases. A first section of the course will examine the historical development and causes of migration within the hemisphere, including economic development, immigration laws, recruitment practices and others. A second section of the course examines the emergence of transnational life between migrant sending and receiving societies, at the local, provincial state and national levels. Topics include hometown associations, development, political change, and trans-nationalization of civic and political life. A third section examines the ways in which nation states have addressed the changes resulting from migration, including analysis of different kinds of state-diaspora relations and of types of diasporas in history.

PAF 9299 Selected Topics in Nonprofit Management

The course focuses on major areas in nonprofit management. Topics vary from offering to offering. Prerequisite or corequisite: Grad 8 status or permission of the Office of Student Affairs and Graduate Admissions

PAF 9199 Selected Topics in Public Affairs

Topic will vary from offering to offering.

PAF 9699 Selected Topics in Public Policy

Focuses on major substantive areas of public policy. Topics vary from offering to offering and could include such policy issues as transportation, environmental protection, housing and urban policy, urban development, health and labor.
Prerequisite: Grad 8 status or the permission of the Office of Graduate Admissions and Student Services. This course can be taken two times.

IBS 9761 Emerging Markets and the International Business Environment

The rise of emerging markets is changing the world of international business and raises distinctive challenges and opportunities for companies. This course addresses these changes from the perspective of foreign firms entering emerging markets, therefore examining the distinctive business environments of emerging markets and analyzing the strategic options for responding to these effectively. Also, this course considers firms originating in emerging markets, examining their nature, and their impact on the international business environment and on international competition. Differences between emerging markets are explored, with an emphasis on understanding how political systems, market size, and resource availability influence the types of opportunities available.

IBS 9767 Global Firms, Cultures, and Governments

This course develops an understanding of how global markets are simultaneously interconnected and separated by differences in culture, economics, and governments. With the aid of case studies, discussions, and group projects, students will gain insights into these different forces and how they impact global business. These topics will be examined from regional and major country perspectives, reflecting current global business and economic trends.

CIS 9230 Globalization and Technology

This course is relevant to managers in all disciplines who will face technological decisions in a global business environment. This course will focus on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) environments around the world, national infrastructures and regulatory regimes, global IT applications, global IS development strategies, global supply chains, offshore outsourcing, global management support systems, and global IS/IT strategies. The course will provide an in-depth understanding of managing information resources across national borders, time zones, cultures, political philosophies, regulatory regimes, and economic infrastructures. This is an interdisciplinary course covering multiple perspectives addressing technical, socio-economic, socio-cultural, policy, regulatory, legal, and ethical issues.