Baruch College

Public Management and the Lindsay Years



John V. Lindsay ran for Mayor of the City of New York in 1965 on a platform of reforming the city government and pledged to bring new energy and ideas to address the many problems facing New York City and the nation. He promised to diminish the power and influence of the political clubs and the bureaucracy and to improve the delivery of public services using more objective criteria to drive allocation decisions. After he was elected, he carried out his promise by undertaking sweeping reforms designed to bring modern management ideas and techniques to the running of New York City Government. His reforms were extensive: encompassing restructuring of agencies, recruiting a new generation to government, integrating business practices in agency operations to make them more efficient, effective and accountable for their outcomes, increasing participation by women, decentralizing management and services down to the community level -- the list is endless.

On Septemebr 29-30, 2010 a two-day symposium will be held at Baruch College exploring the management innovations that were undertaken during Lindsay's eight years in office. Looking back 45 years, what lessons did we learn and what is the legacy of the Lindsay Years?

Participating in the Symposium are individuals responsible for the development and implementation of many of the innovations launched during the Lindsay Years. In addition, noted practitioners and scholars will bring a broader, objective perspective to the assessment of the impact of the management reforms. This intense examination of the various innovations undertaken during the Lindsay Years is expected to highlight patterns that continue to recur and the challenges they present to urban governments. For example, the deployment of fire companies in response to limited resources, growing demands and shifts in demand patterns overtime. Structural constraints and unfunded mandates imposed by state and federal governments and the continual push and pull between long-term civil servants and the short-term elected officials add complexity to the task of managing change and improving the operation of urban government.

The current program and preliminary list of participants are provided below. Most of the session participants will be finalized during the month of August.

Program for Day One: Wednesday, September 29, 2010

8:15 am Registration and Breakfast

9:00 am Welcoming Remarks

9:10 am Opening Presentation: Pre-Lindsay Years and the State of the Nation and NYC
Professor Stan Altman: Symposium Organizer, Baruch College

9:25 am Session 1: Innovations Introduced by Fred Hayes in the Bureau of the Budget that included reform of the capital budget process, introduction of program planning, project management and development of analytical talent to help reform the agencies.
Participants: Carter Bales, Peter Goldmark, David Grossman

10:25 am Coffee Break

10:45 am Session 2: NYC Productivity Program, its impact on NYC and the development of a productivity bargaining strategy as well as national productivity efforts. Participants will also explore the relationship between the productivity programs and the current emphasis on performance programs and outcome assessments.
Participants: Barbara Cohn, Edward Hamilton, Mark Holzer

12:00 pm Lunch

12:15 - 2:00 pm Luncheon speaker: Professor Ester R. Fuchs, Columbia University. What are the factors that lead to the City's Fiscal Crisis?

2:00 - 3:00 pm Session 3: The Challenge of Allocating Limited Resources to Growing Demand for Service in Fire, Police and Sanitation Department. Specific initiatives in these departments were undertaken to address this issue; they were the use of Tactical Control Units in the Fire Department, the Fourth Platoon in the Police Department and a revised Chart Day System in the Sanitation Department.
Participants: Herbert Elish, Peter Kolesar, Dale M. Landi, Steve Savas

3:00 pm Coffee Break

3:25 - 4:25 pm Session 4: The Recruitment of Talent to the City through the establishment of Talent Search to bring talented individuals in city government as well as to create a domestic peace corps with the establishment of the Urban Corps.
Participants: Ilene Leff, Stan Litow, Sigmund Ginsburg, Deborah Sale and other individuals whose careers began in the Lindsay Administration and who have had successful careers in numerous fields, such as government, business, etc.

4:25 pm Summary Day 1

5:00 pm Bus leaves from 25th Street and takes those interested to the Museum of the City of New York for a reception and tour of the exhibition America's Mayor: John V. Lindsay and the Reinvention of New York.

Program for Day 2: Thursday, September 30, 2010

8:00 am Registration and Breakfast

9:00 am Welcoming Remarks

9:10 - 9:25 am Case Study: Ken Auletta discusses Howard Samuel's role in the creation of the OTB Corporation

9:25 - 10:25 am Session 1: Health Policy and Management During the Lindsay Years. Access to services based on need, not on ability to pay. Debate still goes on in health care as to whether it is a right or a market-driven commodity.
Participants: Joan Leiman, Jim Kagen, Bob Newman

10:25 am Coffee Break

10:45 am - 11:45 am Session 2: The Decentralization of Management and Services to spur innovation and improve accountability by delegating responsibility and authority down to district level commanders in order to make agencies more accountable and responsive to specific community needs.
Participants: Lew Feldstein, Craig Hammerman, Joe Viteritti

11:45 am - 12:15 pm Jay Kreigel reflects on the breadth of innovations undertaken during the Lindsay Administration.

12:30 - 2:00 pm Lunch

Luncheon speaker - Jeffrey Kay, former Director of Mayor Bloomberg's Office of Operations.

2:00 - 3:00 pm Sarah Bartlett interviews Norman Steisel covering topics ranging from Medicaid, the Mayor's management report, the need to manage over-time and other management -- drawing on his experience serving four different mayors.

3:05 - 4:05 pm Managers, recognized for introducing successful innovations into the operation of New York City government will discuss the challenges of managing New York City, the lessons they learned as a result of their experiences and their thoughts on the challenges the city will face in the years ahead.
Participants: Stanley Brezenoff, Herb Elish, Linda Gibbs, Cas Holloway

4:05 pm Concluding Remarks: Professor Stan Altman, Symposium Organizer