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Original Architectural Plans
of The Free Academy
page 237 [3 of 8]

Barnard Henry. School architecture, or Contributions to the improvement of school-houses in the United States. 5th ed. New York, Charles B. Norton (1854):. 235-242 [Making of America (Univ. of Mich.)]

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The mode of warming and ventilating the several apartments of the Free Academy can be easily understood by consulting Figures 2, 3 and 4. Four of Culver's furnaces are set in the basement, as shown in Fig. 3. A large quantity of fresh air from out of doors, after being warmed by these furnaces, is carried up to the several stories by pipes in the division walls, (Fig. 2) and is admitted into the rooms at a convenient point, as indicated in Figures 5 and 6. The air of each room, as it becomes vitiated by respiration, is discharged by openings near the ceiling into the buttresses, which are constructed hollow and finished smooth, so as to constitute large ventilating flues. Each opening is fitting with one of Culver's Ventilators or Registers, with cords attached, by which the capacity of the opening for discharge of vitiated air can be enlarged and diminished at the pleasure of the teacher. The practical working of the furnaces and flues for ventilation, secures the object aimed at -- a genial and pure atmosphere at all times.

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