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International Student Service Center



Current U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) regulations governing Optional Practical Training (OPT) took effect on April 8, 2008. These regulations apply to all students in F-1 status (those who were in the United States on or before that date and those who enter the United States after that date).  

Practical training is defined as, “paid employment directly related to your major area of study, following the completion of your academic degree.” Students in F-1 status must have been enrolled full-time for at least nine consecutive months (one academic year) before they are eligible for Optional Practical Training.

To obtain a sevis form I-20 to apply for OPT

          In order to receive your SEVIS Form I-20 authorizing OPT you must submit the following:

 What should your OPT start date be?

Practical training must begin no later than 60 days following your semester end date.



Earliest Possible OPT Start Date: December 07, 2016 Last possible OPT Start Date: February 05, 2017


Earliest Possible OPT Start Date: April 03, 2017 Last possible OPT Start Date: June 01, 2017


Earliest Possible OPT Start Date: July 25, 2017 Last possible OPT Start Date: September 22, 2017

You may choose any date between the Earliest and Last OPT start date.

 Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)

 A student in F-1 status may apply up to 90 days before the completion date or semester end date and up to 60 days after their completion date.  Students MUST apply within 30 days of the creation of the OPT I-20 with OPT recommendation.  Program completion refers to the date that you have finished all coursework and any project/thesis/dissertation for your degree. It is not your graduation date. There is no grace period for applying for OPT.

Optional practical training is limited to a total of 12 months. Students in certain “STEM” (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) fields may be eligible for a one-time extension of 17 months of post completion OPT.  There is a separate application for filing for this extension.  Please speak with an advisor from the ISSC if you feel you may qualify for the extension. 

Employment and Unemployment

An offer of employment is not required to obtain approval for OPT. OPT is recommended by the International Student Service Center (ISSC), and authorized by the USCIS.  During OPT NO student may be unemployed for an aggregate of more than 90 days* or their status will be put in jeopardy.  *For STEM students approved for the 17 month extension the limit on unemployment is raised to an aggregate of no more then 120 days.

Students are required to report to the ISSC within 10 days:

  • The beginning of employment, with the name and address of the employer.
  • The termination of employment.
  • Any change in your personal address.
  • Any change in your employers Address.

Required Employer information

Due to a recent policy change within SEVP/ICE international students on OPT are now required to report to their international student office the name and address of their employer while the student is participating in OPT.  [214.2(f)(5)(i)]

Upon beginning employment you MUST complete the OPT Employment Reporting Form

Options for Students Unable to Find Employment

Students who are unable to find full-time employment may look to the alternative options listed below to avoid reaching the aggregate 90 day unemployment limit (120 for STEM extension):

Student’s may:

Volunteer for a Company                                                                                                                            Complete an Unpaid Internship                                                                                                                 Work Part-Time

For these options the student must work a minimum of 20 hours per week.  Please note that students must still report to the ISSC the beginning of these employment options, and also the termination.  Also please remember that the employment MUST be related to your field of study. 

NOTE:  Students should keep records of their entire employment history!

Cap Gap Extension

Duration of status and work authorization will be automatically extended for a student on OPT, who is the beneficiary of a timely-filed H-1B petition requesting change of status and an employment start date of October 1 of the following fiscal year. This would apply to all qualified students on OPT, not just STEM students. The extension of duration of status and work authorization would automatically terminate upon the rejection, denial, or revocation of the H-1B petition filed on the student's behalf.

F-1 students currently in the US, including students on OPT are able to take advantage of this new provision. 

Applying for the Extension

If you feel you are eligible for the Cap Gap extension you will need to speak with an advisor in the ISSC.  If you are eligible the advisor will ask you to submit documentation from USCIS to extend your OPT.  Depending on which stage of the process you are at, will determine what date your OPT can be extended to.  The chart below describes the dates your OPT can be extended to and the document required for the extension:

USCIS Document

OPT Extended to:

Status Valid To:

Receipt Notice (I-797C)

June 2nd

August 2nd

Wait-List Notice

July 28th

September 27th

Approval Notice (I-797B)

September 30th

September 30th

Please note that if you have filed for the extension and your application is rejected, denied or revoked during the extension period, your OPT authorization will end 10 days from the date of the denial. Your F-1 status will end 60 days from the denial date.   

Studying while on OPT:

Authorization for OPT is automatically terminated when you transfer your SEVIS record to another school or begin full-time study at a different educational level.

Processing information

 An application filed without the required fee, all the necessary documents, signature and photographs will be returned to you as incomplete. You may correct the deficiency and resubmit the application, however, an application is not considered properly filed until the USCIS accepts it. If your application is complete and filed at a USCIS Service Center, you will be mailed a Notice of Action Form I-797, receipt notice.

Decisions on your application

  •  Approval:

If approved, your EAD card will be mailed to you at your filed address.

  • Request for further information:

If additional information or documentation is required, a written request will be sent to

you requesting further specific information.

  • Denial:

If your application cannot be approved, you will receive a written notice explaining the basis of you denial. You can appeal by filing an appeal with a “motion to reopen”.


It will take the USCIS Vermont Service Center 2-3 months to process your request. Processing times may vary on the USCIS Vermont Service Center’s workload. Employment may NOT commence until you have obtained approval from the USCIS Vermont Service Center and you have received your Employment Authorization Document (EAD) card.


The DHS and the U.S. Department of State (DOS) agree that an F-1 student who has timely filed an application for OPT post-completion of study may travel outside the United States while the OPT application is pending, provided that the F-1 student can present the Notice of Action Form I-797, proving that the application has been filed.

However, once the EAD card for OPT is issued to the F-1 student if a student decides to travel abroad, the student can only re-enter the United States to resume employment.  DHS has clarified that the F-1 student does not need to have already begun actual employment before leaving, as long as the student has a job offer for which he/she is returning.

If you have recently applied for Optional Practical Training and you do decide to travel, you will need the following documents for re-entry:

  • SEVIS I-20 signed by the Designated School Officer at Baruch College
  • Valid EAD card
  • Unexpired passport
  • Valid F-1 visa
  • Letter from a US based employer certifying that you are returning to resume or commence employment

After you have received a notice from INS, and if you have any further questions regarding your application status, the number to the USCIS public inquiry phone is 1-800-375-5283.

Traveling during the "Cap Gap"

According to SEVP, a student on OPT who has his/her OPT automatically extended by USCIS because of an approved H1B application, would not qualify for an F1 visa unless the student has a valid Employment Authorization Document (EAD). If a student in this “Cap Gap”, whose EAD card is no longer valid, chooses for whatever reason to leave the US, he/she would have to apply for the H1B and would not be allowed to re-enter the US until after September 1st.